Select language:

Turgenev is a bridge between Russia and Europe

 /  / Russkiy Mir Foundation / Publications / Turgenev is a bridge between Russia and Europe

Turgenev is a bridge between Russia and Europe

07.09.2018

Sergey Vinorgadov


Special dinner in celebration of 200th birthday anniversary of Ivan Turgenev to be held on behalf of theLord Mayor (Oberbürgermeister) of Baden-Baden, andthe mayor of the commune of Bougival will open commemorations of the writer conducted near Paris. For three days Sorbonne and Sénat de la France in Paris will accommodate Turgenev scholars from all over the world.

The 200th birthday anniversary of the Russian classic author has been entered into UNESCO’s Calendar of Events. Cities and towns where Turgenev lived, as well as those he never visited, will host exhibitions, scientific conferences, stage performances, poetry events and film festivals with screen adaptations of Turgenevs works. And new editions of Turgenevs books will certainly be published; for example, new 7-volume collection of his prose translations into Chinese will be presented in Shanghai. Events dedicated to Turgenev have been conducted throughout 2018, and main events of the Anniversary calendar were launched in August.


Russian European

Speaking of Russian classical authors, Ivan Turgenev, who spent one third of his life in Europe, was the most included one into global literature process of his time. He used to be friends with Flaubert and George Sand, worked with Daudet and Zola; Maupassant considered Turgenev to be his teacher in literature. By virtue of this friendship, the top European and world authors wrote articles for Russian magazines. Novels and short stories by Turgenev were translated into European languages, had impact on European literature, opened a way to West for other Russian writers and made Europe discover true Russia. Russian national character became known worldwide in large part because of Turgenevs books.

Feast of the classics – . Daudet, G. Flaubert, E. Zola, I Turgenev. Photo credit: wikimedia.org

Aside from reading, you can enjoy Turgenev by watching and listening. This year his play “A Month in the Country” has been put on stage by at least ten theaters in Moscow and European capitals. A co-production by two French theaters had its premiere in Paris in spring. Stars of French theaters have been engages in the staging by Alain Françon, a well-known exegete of Chekhovs plays. Parisian Month sold out full house all the way.

Alexander Hertzen and Ivan Turgenev: Conversation staging comprised of dialogs between two Russian classical authors, will be performed in the commune of Bougival near Paris, where so called holiday home of Turgenev is located, on September 16th. The day before, on the same scene, stage actors from Russia will sing sentimental songs with lyrics by Ivan Turgenev.

Exhibition events, commemorating Turgenevs anniversary, have been launched abroad since February, when the project Ivan Turgenev, Russian Europeanwent on the road across 12 countries in Europe and the CIS. Display items and a documentary about life and work of the writer, which was produced with support of the Russkiy Mir Foundation, have been seen in Spain, France, Belgium, Germany and other countries.

Turgenev glorifies Russian nature; he is an excellent artist painting landscape by means of literature. Curators of a mobile exposition Landscape enriched by thought: Turgenevian nature in modern Russian painting have emphasised this aspect of the writer's creativity. In May the exposition was opened in Berlin and set out across Europe. Turgenevs biography was of a great inspiration in mapping the route the paintings have already been seen in Germany, Belgium and Luxemburg; the exposition also intents to visit France and Germany.

The Turgenev monument in Baden-Baden. Photo credit: okapustina.blogspot.com

In September Baden-Baden, where Turgenev lived for almost 8 years, and where the story of his Smoke novel takes place, will host another kind of exhibition. It has been organized by Baden-Baden City Museum and Moscow Literature Museum in cooperation with the University of Freiburg and aims to show what brings Russia and Europe together and what makes them apart through unveiling Turgenevs message.

Serious issues would also be taken up at scientific conferences dedicated to the 200th birthday anniversary of the author. Conferences in Spasskoye-Lutovinovo, the Turgenevs Manor House in Orlovskaya Region, in Moscow, as well as in Paris, Brussels, Spanish Granada and Riga have been scheduled for October and November.


Holiday home near Paris

Ivan Turgenevs manor house near Paris is a center of the writers European presence. Turgenev himself would have agreed to this point. This manor house can be considered memorial along with Spasskoye-Lutovinovo. His house in Bougival became the writers final resting place Turgenev lived there for nine years and passed away in the house. Turgenev had built a cottage in Russian style next to a villa of Pauline Viardot, the writers beloved. Both structures can be seen today as well.

Owners of the manor house used to change frequently; however now the house in Bougival is the Ivan Turgenev museum. It was opened in the early 1980s by the Association of friends of Ivan Turgenev. The manor house had to be literally conquered back from the local administration, which intended to demolish structures and build a stadium there. Prominent representatives of French cultural and intellectual communities, students and local inhabitants all were engaged in the fight for the Turgenev museum.

Turgenevs holiday home in Bougival. Photo: European memorial holiday home of Turgenev/compagnielessignatures.fr

The museum was headed by Alexander Zvihilskiy a descendent of white emigres and well-known explorer of the writers work (he had been examined on his dissertation in Sorbonne). Thanks to his encyclopedic scale knowledge and commitment, the manor house interior from Turgenevs times was successfully restored by buying out some original writers belongings from collectors. Currently his son Mark administers the museum activities. During his last visit to Russia he shared about the hard battle they have with French municipalities to preserve the museum. After the manor house had been entered into the memorial register, the authorities left idea to demolish the buildings, but now they attempt to hand Viardots and Turgenevs houses to hotel business. The museums administration and the Association of friends of Ivan Turgenev, which brought together hundreds of Russian and French members, hope that the museum will be granted national status.

Anniversary celebrations in Turgenevs manor house have been running throughout the whole year. Orchestras and singers perform on the ground next to the museum; stage performances and exhibitions are also conducted there; hundreds of visitors come to the manor house. Soon the manor house may turn into filming location for movie depicting Turgenevs life in France. The directors chair will be taken by Mark Zvihilskiy, the museum director who graduated from the All-Russian State Institute of Cinematography.


Turgenevian saloon in Brussels

There is quite a number of Turgenevian communities in Europe. The most active are French, German and Belgian ones. They go beyond being just clubs that bring together admirers of the writers work; they create certain environment all around by conducting musical performances, exhibitions and conferences. And they closely interact with each other.

A couple from Brussels a philologist and Turgenev scholar Conrad Furman and his wife Natalia Shumilova - founded a Turgenevian community in the Benelux three years ago. The fundamental idea of the community is promotion of Russian culture in the Western world, said Natalia to a Russkiy Mir reporter. We conduct lots of various events, but the most frequent ones are meetings in the manner of pre-revolutionary literary-musical saloons. There we read Turgenevs works aloud, discuss them. We invite artists, musicians, poets, stage directors, philologists, and etc. Anyone who would be interested to listen and to be with us.

Concert by members of the Turgenevian community in the Benelux. Photo credit: the Communitys Facebook page

The communitys permanent members include the Russians and people from former USSR Republics, who live in Belgium and other countries, descendants of Russian immigrants from different immigration waves, and Belgians, who are interested in Turgenev and Russian culture. The Turgenevian community in the Benelux is not all about saloons. In July its members conducted Turgenevs Days in Brussels, which brightened up local cultural scene.

Turgenev is not my favourite author, Natalia Shumilova admits, but my co-members from the Turgenevian community and I feel very close to him. We also live abroad, for various reasons whatsoever, but it does not make us love Russia any less. You know, those who believe that everything is horrible in Russia are not with us. We have here different people those, who appreciate their roots, who are interested in Russias current affairs and its history. From what we can see, the purpose of our Turgenevian community is to re-discover him from new prospects, to demonstrate his significance for Russian and European cultures. Turgenev is a Russian author who spent considerable part of his life in the Western world. By his biography, by his nature he is a unifying character. Furthermore, Turgenev is a cultural bridge between Russia and Europe, and this is what we clearly observe here.

New publications

According to surveys, when choosing a place of study, more than half of foreign students are guided by the world rankings of the best universities. This year, 25 Russian universities entered the QS World University Rankings 2019-2020, and most of them improved their positions. Lomonosov Moscow State University became the most successful, having risen by six points at once. However, MSU rector Viktor Sadovnichy is sure that Russian education is undervalued.
If you look at Europe from the standpoint of Russian cultural heritage, you can find a lot of interesting things in virtually every country. So why isnt such material used in lessons of Russian? Initiators of the Living Languages/Living Heritage Project invented an unusual mixture of history and language lessons. Igor Zhukovsky, head of the Russia-Aquitaine Association (Bordeaux, France) tells us what has become of it.
In the days of the latest anniversary of Saint Petersburg, the Russian émigré community respectfully remembers another significant yet unfairly forgotten Russian name. It is the name of Pyotr Alexeyevitch Dementyev, who was born on May 1, 1849 in Saint Petersburg on the Neva River and founded another St. Petersburg (or St. Pete, as it is called shortly) on the shores of the Gulf of Mexico in Florida.
Special Assignment Pilots, a book by Anna Belorusova, a Russian writer, will be the basis for the exhibition in the British town of Bournemouth on the shore of the English Channel. The book tells about the Soviet air force of eagles and the Soviet-British cooperation during the World War II.
130 years ago Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky, a legendary Russian aircraft designer, philosopher and visionary, was born. It was he who designed the very systems that are currently used, for example, in advanced helicopters of the presidents of the United States and Russia. Indeed, the legacy of the famous aircraft designer who created the world's first bomber, a four-engine aircraft and a single-rotor helicopter is our national pride.
TheArtigianato e PalazzoFestival (Artisan crafts and Palace) was held in Florence over the weekend. The anniversary 25th edition has been devoted to charity fundraising for time-critical restoration and preservation of the great cultural and artistic legacy of Russian community that resided in Florence in the 19th and 20th centuries.
Tatiana Kazzi, a Russian artist, works on a project to combine paintings of Australian Aborigines with Gzhel and Khokhloma. A native of Kaliningrad has lived on the green continent for almost a quarter of a century; and she is one of a few foreign women who were granted the right to study art of the indigenous people of Australia by their descendants. Tatiana Kazzi plans to ornament Russian Matryoshka dolls with kangaroos, snakes, birds and other symbols of Australian aborigines. The artist told the Russkiy Mir that active work of the Russian community in recent years has facilitated popularity and awareness of Russian art in Australia.
Robinson Crusoe is 300 years old. A novel by Daniel Defoe, an English writer, about a traveler who spent 28 years on a desert island was published in April 1719. The novel became the classics of world literature, which cannot be said about its sequel published in August 1719. There Defoe sends his central character to Russia ruled by young Peter the Great. According to the story, Robinson spent more than two years in Russia. He lived in Tobolsk and Arkhangelsk, and then he went back to his home land.